Denver, Colorado is in in their building code cycle change to include the 2018 IRC and Appendix Q Tiny Houses has been included in Denver’s proposed code changes and is in progress. There will be a public forum on Nov. 5th, 2019 from 3 to 5:30 pm that will be a courtesy briefing on all the code changes, including Appendix Q. There will be a window of time that will be announced after the meeting.
Supporting Information:For dwellings that are 400 square feet or less in floor area,excluding lofts, Appendix Q provides relaxed provisions as compared to those in the body of the code. These provisions primarily address reduced ceiling heights for loft areas and specific stair and ladder detail requirements that allow for more compact designs where accessing lofts
.Purpose: This allows alternatives to low cost housing.
Reason: Low cost housing is a city-wide initiative
Reasons: Denver has a housing shortage. The real estate market is inflated, thus reducing housing options
Substantiation: Without the amendment, homes under 400 square feet are almost impossible to permit using the IRC
Impact: Proposal with reduce the cost of alternative low cost housing
International Green Construction Code: Voluntary Option
Denver has included the Green Construction Code that is brand new and will be used voluntarily. The 2018 International Green Construction Code (IgCC) provides the design and construction industry with the single, most effective way to deliver sustainable, resilient, high-performance buildings. The ‘IgCC-powered-by-189.1’ joint initiative frames the essential sustainable construction building blocks on which future resilient initiatives can develop and expand.
By collaborating on developing the 2018 IgCC, the strategic developing organizations supporting it envision a new era of building design and construction that includes environmental health and safety as code minimums. The goal of the 2018 IgCC will provide fundamental criteria for energy efficiency, resource conservation, water safety, land use, site development, indoor environmental quality and building performance that can be adopted broadly.
Joe Callantine Visionary And Tiny Home Developer Has A Big Announcement
Joe Callantine, Board Member of THIA, Visionary, Advocate, Electrician, Photovoltaic Specialist and tiny home community developer has just announced that he signed the first investor and funds are deposited into the business account! Joe is looking for land for his first community. The Community will most likely be located in Jefferson County, Colorado. Potentially with in 45 minutes commute to Denver but all efforts are being made to be within the metro area.
The fewest spots available will be 15 up to 45 tiny homes allowed. We want to accommodate the people already living in tiny homes on wheels, who are striving for a legal place to call home. Bring Your Own Home.
There will be an application process, not unlike cooperative style living and insurance will be required. A 1 year lease initial agreement will be required, to be reviewed upon renewal.
Ownership dues will be between $650 and $850, which will be geared toward ownership rights, privileges and responsibilities. After the land and its development costs have been paid, lot fees will be reduced for the maintenance and upkeep of the community.
Each tiny home location will have all major utility connections, access to a plot in the pocket gardens and additional storage space will be available in the community building. With an organic community concept in mind, vehicular traffic will be kept at a minimum with the entire community being pedestrian, bike and pet friendly.
Please contact Joe if you any questions, would like to be an investor, have land or desire to be a part of his tiny home community. Joe is Making Tiny Possible!
Tiny-home villages could be allowed across much of Denver
She is proposing that the city change its rules to allow tiny-home villages on far more properties. The change could make it much easier and simpler to build the low-cost housing communities in Denver
Under Kniech’s proposal, which was written with city staff, villages would be officially allowed in industrial, mixed-use and commercial zones. Opening up industrial sites could give organizers new access to warehouse sites on the edge of residential neighborhoods.
Villages also would be allowed on church sites, community centers and other institutional sites in residential neighborhoods, but not directly on single-family properties. Villages in residential areas would be limited to 30 homes, depending on space. All units would have to be at least 70 square feet.
Denver City Council to invest $500,000 in ‘granny flats’ program
The Denver City Council agreed Monday to invest $500,000 in an ongoing pilot program that provides forgivable loans to West Denver homeowners to help fund accessory dwelling units, or ADUs, popularly known as “granny flats.”
Those ADUs — small homes adjacent to a homeowner’s primary single family home, on the same lot or parcel — can supplement a homeowner’s income as a rental property, the city argues.
Appendix Q for tiny homes on a foundation is becoming widely accepted and welcomed by jurisdictions that benefit the consumer, builder and the jurisdiction to finally have a standard. I have been documenting the states and jurisdictions across the nation that have adopted Appendix Q and what I have discovered is the jurisdictions are grateful for a definition and a means to regulate tiny homes.
We have a long way to go regarding moveable tiny homes as permissible and permanent dwellings, but there has been great successes thanks to all the American Tiny House Advocates ( ATHA) as they forge the path. We owe a special thanks to Dan Fitzpartrick, the Director of Government Relations of both ATHA and THIA for opening doors in many jurisdictions in California which can be used as an example across the nation. Nick Mosley, Vice President of ATHA and board member of THIA, has also been a key player in moving mountains in California, allowing moveable tiny homes as ADUs in backyards.
Tiny Houses: Affordable Sustainable Eco-Friendly
Dan Fitzpatrick gave lectures all across California and created a presentation on moveable tiny homes that is an excellent tool if you are working with a jurisdiction.
How Do I Get Zoning Passed In My Area For Tiny Houses In My Area?
This is a great guide that we can all learn from written by Rene’ Hardee , Florida Chapter Leader of ATHA sharing her success story on Tiny House Talk. Details
Affordable Housing Cannot Wait
The New American Homeless
We are in a crisis and there is a New American Homeless.Housing insecurity in the nation’s richest cities is far worse than government statistics claim. Just ask the Goodmans.
Last August, Cokethia Goodman returned home from work to discover a typed letter from her landlord in the mailbox. She felt a familiar panic as she began to read it. For nearly a year, Goodman and her six children—two of them adopted after being abandoned at birth—had been living in a derelict but functional three-bedroom house in the historically black Peoplestown neighborhood of Atlanta. Goodman, who is 50, has a reserved, vigilant demeanor, her years trying to keep the kids out of harm’s way evident in her perpetually narrowed eyes.
She saw the rental property as an answer to prayer. It was in a relatively safe area and within walking distance of the Barack and Michelle Obama Academy, the public elementary school her youngest son and daughter attended. It was also—at $950 a month, not including utilities—just barely affordable on the $9 hourly wage she earned as a full-time home health aide. Goodman had fled an abusive marriage in 2015, and she was anxious to give her family a more stable home environment. She thought they’d finally found one.
This will be a blog post in progress as I add the successes we are achieving for moveable tiny homes. Please share if you have a success story.
12 Tiny House Communities You Can Live In
If this sounds like an idyllic setting for your future tiny house on wheels, then good news! There’s a growing list of communities that fit the bill. Each has its own flair and varying amenities. One thing they all have in common is the idea that your living space extends beyond your personal itsy-bitsy square footage—your “bonus room” is the shared community spaces.
The city is writing rules to allow more tiny homes in Rogers.
Kelso’s neighborhood near downtown was built in 2016 on land zoned for mobile homes. Developers David and Chris Gallo recently tried to do a similar project with 39 homes on about 4 acres about 2 miles west of the existing homes.
They found that zoning regulations don’t allow the homes there.
The city’s planning staff presented a “cluster housing” proposal to a Planning Commission committee last week that would allow tiny homes and cottage court housing in some residential areas.
Camp Verde: On Oct. 24, 2018, the Camp Verde Town Council approved an agri-tourism use permit for a community of tiny houses on wheels, vintage recreational vehicles and agri-tourism events. The 15-acre parcel that would house the complex is owned by Camp Verde residents Carmen Howard and her husband David.
Tiny Homes On Wheels Are Legal In Mobile Home Parks In Arizona
According to Susan Brenton, Executive Director of Manufactured Housing of Arizona, Tiny Homes on Wheels are legal in mobile home parks in Arizona. The newer parks primarily cater to the modular market. The older parks are most appropriate for Tiny Homes.
“We are the first city in the nation to actually write into its development code authorization for ‘tiny homes,’ ” says Mayor Ashley Swearingen. “If there’s one thing that Californians should know about Fresno, it’s that we are full of surprises. And just when you’ve think you’ve pegged us to be one type of community, we’ll surprise you.”
Some of Swearingen’s motivation comes from wanting to support local jobs and manufacturing. A new Fresno company, California Tiny House, is now building these custom homes for people all over the state. It recently held an unusual open house to celebrate Fresno’s new rules, parking a 270-square-foot cottage on wheels in front of City Hall.
San Diego officials say they plan to begin allowing movable “tiny houses” in backyards across the city, to help address the local homelessness and affordable housing crises.
The tiny houses, which are similar to granny flats but smaller, can be built more quickly and cheaply than granny flats and will create a new source of low-cost housing — without any government subsidies, city officials said this week.
Special Thanks To Dan Fitzpatrick: The Director Of Government Relations For ATHA and THIA
This is a week of good news in tiny house land! For the past several months ATHA and THIA have been working with the San Diego City Council and staff to legalize movable tiny houses as ADUs. As you may recall, I had the opportunity, several months ago, to present to the Council on the wisdom of including movable tiny houses as ADUs. Today the Land Use and Housing council committee voted unanimously to direct City Attorney to draft an amendment to San Diego’s municipal code that would allow movable tiny houses as ADU’s.
The Community Development Department recently updated its Zoning Regulations which included provisions for Tiny Homes on Wheels in the backyard of on a site with an owner-occupied single-family residence. A single-family residence (Single-Unit Dwelling) is defined as a dwelling unit designed for occupancy by one household which is not attached to or located on a lot with commercial uses or other dwelling units.
Tiny houses on wheels are allowed as caregiver dwellings in Sonoma County, CA, as well as Napa, Lake, Mendocino, Alameda, Contra Costa & Sacramento, according to Sonya Tafejian of Tiny House Consulting Sonoma County, phone 707-779-9474.
Colorado’s Tiny House Movement, Communities and Resources Galore
The tiny house movement in Colorado is booming. Despite limited legal parking opportunities for tiny homes on wheels. But that is changing in a big way, thanks to community developers and local advocates. Their efforts have been aided by all the positive press about the last few years’ exuberant festivals, from the first Tiny House Jamboree to the annual Colorado Tiny House Festival and the People’s Tiny House Festival.
Several smaller events and the gorgeous WeeCasa hotel have added to the growing tiny buzz. The roster of Colorado-based tiny home builders is ever-growing—there are over 24 to choose from! DIY building options are plentiful, as well. The Denver metro is home to TrailerMade Trailers, Einstyne Tiny Homes (tiny house shell specialists) and DIY build sites are available from Tiny Home Connection and Colorado Custom Coachworks.
The journey to legalize tiny homes on wheels in Lyons, Colorado was a three year journey. We need to thank Byron Fears, owner of SimBLISSity Tiny Homes for being on the forefront of this battle. Byron Fears is the Director Of Communications for the Tiny Home Industry Association ( THIA ).
Chuck Ballard, President of Pacific West Associates and Director of Standards for THIA was also instrumental in legalizing tiny homes in Lyons, Colorado.
Jasper, Florida- 40L Ranch in Jasper, Florida is a tiny home village for single women over 55 years of age. 40L affectionately stands for four old ladies. The tiny home village is an agricultural community who love horses! They allow tiny homes on a foundation, wheels or Park Models, Details
Brevard, Floridia -Cheatham said the tiny homes are now being allowed in some neighborhoods both in the city of Longwood and in Brevard County where the commission recently came to an agreement.
“Brevard County now has a new piece of property that has just opened up some lots, it’s called Braveheart Properties in northern Brevard, and they actually are gonna be the first ones here in Brevard that will have an actual tiny home community — both on wheels, like the one you’re staying in, and on foundations,” Cheatham said.
In Nantucket, a citizen’s petition to allow tiny houses on wheels in most residential districts was approved by the town in 2016.
Isaiah Stover is on track to be a Nantucket folk hero — he is the man behind the tiny house movement on an island dotted with McMansions and median home prices of $1.2 million. Stover drafted the bylaw amendment to change the Zoning Code of the Town of Nantucket to include tiny house units -a dwelling of less than 500 square feet built on a moveable trailer — passed by a two-thirds voice vote at Saturday’s Annual Town Meeting.
It’s all happening off a side road in Newport, Tennessee. Now people are moving to a Cocke County and jobs are being created. “We’ve got 68 people moving to Cocke County from all over the United States. From New Mexico. From Washington. From Arizona. While this may have you itching to invest in a tiny home, be mindful of strict local regulations and coding. Cocke County has embraced them but regulations on what defines ‘a house’ haven’t caught up everywhere.
“The county is open to tiny homes. There’s no restrictions,” Jones said.
Forest Tiny Home Community- has two spaces for lease left for your wheeled tiny home in Newport, Tennessee in Cocke, County. All styles of tiny home are welcome here! The Forest Incredible Community is the first phase of three tiny home communities planned by Incredible Tiny Homes.
Beach And Prairie: 30 People Needed For Each Development
Beach and Prairie are two more planned communities that have not started development yet, they will still have the same requirement of 30 people to start the development.
Wildwood Forest, partnered with National Land Partners LLC created a residential/ vacation development of 26 lots from 10 to 15 acres. You are allowed to to have one site built home with a minimum of 1000 square feet, one out building and one guest home. You can also have a tiny home on wheels as your primary residence! Grand Opening is October 19th, 2019.
Vintage Grace is a tiny home community of park model homes in Yantis, Texas on 25 wooded acres. It has four scenic ponds and is minutes from Lake Fork. Year around living is allowed and encouraged at Vintage Grace. The community is owned by Jim and Kathie Brown, a retired couple who created a community of residents with similar values and desires to live a simpler life in a caring close-knit community. They desired to be close to all the amenities of the small and large cities but tucked away privately in a gated community in the woods.
The lakefront Cedar Springs Tiny Village is the first of its kind within the state of Ohio.Gerald Brubaker has enthusiastically brought to life his vision of the “tiny” community, as the founder of Cedar Springs, with 27 sites currently established.
Located in New Paris, Ohio (just east of the Indiana state line), we are centrally located within 1.5 hours of Cincinnati, Columbus, and Indianapolis, and only 40 minutes from Dayton!
The Ruscombmanor Township supervisors approved a zoning amendment on Sept. 5 allowing accessory dwellings such as tiny homes in residential districts. According to township Solicitor Paul T. Essig, the revision will allow one accessory dwelling unit (ADU) per property, and the unit may house relatives or caregivers for the owners of the main house. They cannot be rented.
The ordinance targets tiny homes that usually can be wheeled onto a space near but separate from the home, and can either be removed or converted into non-residential use, such as storage, once they’re no longer needed.
Essig said residents with the tiny homes would be required to obtain a permit, which the board set for $150, and have the permit reviewed every six months by a township zoning officer. Details.
Portland allows tiny homes with conditions. Details
Buckingham County, Virginia
Our Tiny Home Is A Legal Dwelling: Zone Approval Buckingham County, Virginia
We just closed on my land today…….the letter that is attached references that our tiny home will be considered a dwelling and taxed as a home/dwelling while still being able to reside on wheels, and not even forced to skirt the home unless we want to. They have only requested that we tie our dwelling down. We have the freedom to roll away when we want and come back when we want because of some wonderful people who were really willing to look at what we owned and make it happen. They do exist. You just have to find them.
Senate Bill ESSB 5383 that went into effect July 28th, 2019 is a great win for moveable tiny homes. The provided a definition -“Tiny house” and “tiny house with wheels” means a dwelling to36be used as permanent housing with permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation built in accordance with the state building code.
Individual cities and counties may allow tiny houses with wheels to be collected together as tiny house villages using the binding site plan method articulated in chapter 58.17 RCW.
Except as provided under subsection (4) of this section, a city or town may not adopt an ordinance that has the effect, directly or indirectly, of preventing the entry or requiring the removal of recreational vehicle or tiny house with wheels as defined in section165 of this act used as a primary residence in manufactured/mobile home communities.
Washington state is in the public comment stage regarding the adoption of Appendix Q until Sept 27th, 2019.
”2018 Select IRC Options For Use With The Michigan Residential Code”
Written By Janet Thome
The Home Builders Association of Michigan (HBAM) and the International Code Council (ICC) have joined forces to publish a targeted book of changes in the 2018 IRC to allow Home Builders Association of Michigan members and others to benefit from their new ability without having to buy the entire code. The book is titled ” 2018 Select IRC Options For Use With The Michigan Residential Code.”
Michigan Is Staying With 2015 IRC Until 2021 Is Adopted
The Flex Code Law, Public Act 504 of 2012 allows Michigan to choose to update the Michigan Residential Code every three or six years. Michigan chose not to update to the 2018 edition of the IRC published by the ICC and will be staying with the 2015 MRC until the 2021 edition of IRC is available and adopted.
The Flex Law: Allows Any Section Of The 2018 IRC
The state chose not to update to the 2018 edition of the IRC published by the ICC and will be staying with the 2015 MRC until the 2021 edition of IRC is available and adopted. In addition to providing flexibility in when the residential code is updated, The Flex Law also included language to allow the use, at the option of the contractor, of any section of the 2018 IRC.
2018 Select IRC Options For Use With The Michigan Residential Code
“The Builder’s Guide to Significant Changes to the 2018 IRC” provides Michigan home builders access to the latest advances in building safety, affordability and innovation.
The twenty-eight significant changes found in this book were selected by HBAM’s Building Code Committee as offering the most flexibility and utility for builders, electricians, plumbers and mechanical contractors.
The guide includes a summary of each change; the actual code language; the significance of the change and, when appropriate, illustrations. Examples of the illustrations can be found below. The guide will be available in either print or as a PDF. Individual pages can be printed from the PDF.
Appendix Q Tiny Houses: Listed As A Select Option
Appendix Q is listed in chapter Nine of the book HBAM and the ICC published, titled ” 2018 Select IRC Options For Use With The Michigan Residential Code.”
Lee Schwartz Is On The ICC Residential Energy Code Panel
Lees Schwartz, HBAM’s Executive Vice President for Government Affairs is on the ICC’s Residential Energy Code panel, which will hear and have the first vote on all proposed changes to the residential energy code provisions.
Marshfield, Wisconsin- The Plan Commission asked the City Staff to research the topic of tiny homes to see if this type of residential building should be regulated by the zoning code. The State of Wisconsin does not adhere to the International Residential Code, but rather adheres to the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code ( UDC).
The meeting was prompted by a few inquiries asking about whether or not tiny houses are allowed in Marshfield in the past. The answer is, as long as the structure meets UDC dwelling code requirements, there is no minimum size limit for a house from a zoning perspective. It is important to note that this is only the case for tiny houses that are built on a permanent foundation and is not the case for tiny homes on wheels.
A Tiny Home Does Not Have To Be 400 Square Feet Or Less
The State of Wisconsin does not adhere to the International Residential Code and references the 2018 IRC and Appendix Q in the memorandum, but adheres to the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code. Therefore, the City Staff believes that what they consider to be a tiny house does not have to be 400 square feet or less; however, it would make sense to use that definition since it is established elsewhere.
Ultimately, they can choose any size and consider that to be a “tiny house”. Staff believes that the definition of a tiny house can be added to the zoning code and a residential land use type can be created to regulate tiny houses. The only difference between a tiny house and a single-family residential use would be the size and ultimately where it can be built.
MH-8 Mobile Home Residential Zoning District
If a tiny house land use is added to the Code, the City Staff would recommend that these tiny houses would be permitted by right in the MH-8 Mobile Home Residential zoning district. Staff would like to know if the Plan Commission thinks that tiny houses should be allowed in other districts such as UMU or SR-6 since the lot sizes in those districts are generally small and would be a better fit. A tiny house located in these districts may still appear to be out of character; however they could potentially work as infill development or potentially be built on substandard lots that a typical single family residence would likely not be able to build on without a variance. A possibility could be to allow a tiny house as permitted by conditional use in those districts, but mention in the regulations that it can only be allowed as a conditional use if it is used as infill development, building on a substandard lot, or something similar in nature.
Tiny Homes On Wheels
A Tiny House on Wheels (THOW) creates an interesting issue because it is not technically considered to be a recreational vehicle, as a recreational vehicle is intended for non-permanent living, while a THOW is intended to be used as a residence. A THOW is similar to a recreational vehicle and appears to follow similar standards to the requirements for recreational vehicles. A THOW is defined by the Tiny House Community as “a structure which is intended as a full time residence or year-round rental property and meets these five conditions:
1. Built on a trailer that was registered with the owner’s local DMV.
2. Ability to tow via bumper hitch, frame towing hitch, or fifth-wheel connection. It cannot, nor designed to, move under its down power.
3. Is no larger than allowed by applicable state law. (The typical THOW is no more than 8’6” wide, 30’ long, and 13’6” high. Larger tiny houses may require a special commercial driver’s license and/or special permits when being towed
4. Has at least 70 square feet of first floor interior living space, and no more than 400 square feet (excluding any lofts).
5. Includes basic functional areas that support normal daily routines (such as cooking, sleeping, and toiletry
Guideline For THOW Builder
This definition is written as a guideline for a THOW builder and these guidelines are not formally recognized by a government authority. If the City were to allow THOW’s in the MH-8 Mobile Home zoning district, for example, then the question should be asked if all recreational vehicles shall be allowed in this district. City staff would not recommend this and for that reason, if THOW’s were to be allowed in any capacity, then they should only be allowed in a campground. Campgrounds are permitted by conditional use in the RH-35 Rural Holding zoning district and the GI General Industrial zoning district. There is little precedent for how these are regulated by cities in Wisconsin.
Next Step: Defining Tiny Homes And Land Use
The City may choose to regulate tiny houses by adding a definition and land use for the term, or a limit can be set on minimum building size for dwelling units in each zoning district. Under the current Code, a house of any size can be built as long as the UDC standards are conforming. The main thing to decide is whether the City believes that: there should be a limit on the size of small houses, if those types of houses are only to be allowed in certain zoning districts, or if the Code shall remain the same. The next step would be deciding if there should be just one definition for tiny homes. For example, a tiny house can be considered to be “a dwelling unit that is 400 square feet or less in area excluding lofts, or if each zoning district should create a minimum dwelling unit size requirement as well.
City Planner: Bryce Hembrook
For more information contact Bryce Hembrook, City Planner of Marshfield, Wisconsin at 715 486 2074. I followed up on the agenda and it has not progressed at this time.
Public Testimony Period For Proposed Changes Of Appendix Q Open Until Sept. 27th, 2019
Written By Janet Thome
On July 31st, 2019 the Washington State Building Code Council had a TAG meeting that was open to the public. The subject for discussion was IRC Appendix Q, Tiny Houses Sleeping Lofts. The building code council presented an amended version of Appendix Q. It was announced in the meeting that the public would be allowed to comment both in person and through written testimonies.
Senate House Bill ESSB 5383 mandated that the building code council adopt building codes specific for tiny homes by Dec 31st, 2019.
Washington State Defined Tiny Homes In Section Five Of ESSB 5383
“Tiny house” and “tiny house with wheels” means a dwelling to be used as permanent housing with permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation built in accordance with the state building code.
Public testimony period for proposed changes of Appendix Q open until Sept. 27th, 2019.
Spokane Valley: Sept 13th, 2019 and Olympia : Sept 27th, 2019
Go to the SBCC website and click Here. Scroll down and click on the 2018 International Residential Code to view the CR-102 – locations for public meetings are also in CR-1-102.
Senate House Bill ESSB 5383 Tiny Houses.
Effective July 28th, 2019
Section One: Appendix Q Can Provide A Basis For The Standards Requested In The Act
The legislature recognizes that the International Code Council in 2018 has issued tiny house building code standards in Appendix Q of the International Residential Code, which can provide a basis for the standards requested within this act.
Section Six: By December 31st, 2019 Adopt Building Code Standards Specific For Tiny Houses
Sec. 6. RCW 19.27.035 and 2018 c 207 s 2 are each amended to read as follows: The building code council shall:
(1) ( A ) By July 1, 2019, adopt a revised process for the review of proposed statewide amendments to the codes enumerated in RCW ; 19.27.031 and ;
(B) Adopt a process for the review of proposed or enacted local amendments to the codes enumerated in RCW 19.27.031 as amended and adopted by the state building code council.
(2) By December 31st, 2019 Adopt Building Code Standards Specific For Tiny Houses
The TAG reviewed the attached proposal. This proposal was approved by the SBCC to solicit public testimony through the State’s Rulemaking process (CR-102). The TAG felt this proposal adequately addressed ESSB 5383 and no further action by the TAG was necessary. There were no dissenting votes.
At This Time Moveable Tiny Homes Have Not Been Addressed By The Tag Team
The approval process for a tiny home depends on where it is built
Tiny Homes: From Washington State Labor And Industries
A tiny home is a dwelling that may be built on wheels and is no larger than 400 square feet, including a kitchen, bathroom, and sleeping/living area, and must be built to the Washington State Building Code. The approval process for a tiny home depends on where it’s built.
On this page, you can determine whether you need approval of construction plans and inspections from L&I or the local building department where the home is being built.
IF you’re purchasing a manufactured home of any size, including a tiny manufactured home, then you will need to contact your local building department to find out where it can be located.
IF you’re building a tiny home somewhere OTHER than where it will be occupied and used, then move on to “building a tiny home” below.
Building A Tiny Home Offsite
L&I is the building department for the construction of tiny homes that are built at OFFSITE locations, such as a factory or even a back yard. L&I reviews plans and inspections for tiny homes built offsite from where they will be placed.
L&I frequently receives inquiries regarding the rules and requirements for “tiny homes”. In Washington State “tiny homes” must meet the State Building Code requirements (RCW 19.27.031). Other types of units such as Park Model RVs (PMRV), Recreational Vehicles (RV) and HUD Manufactured Homes are not tiny homes even though people may be living in them.
Please note that while L&I inspects and labels several of these types of structures, or units; cities and counties are responsible for regulating how all structures, or units, including, RV’s, PMRV’s modular buildings and manufactured homes can be used within their jurisdictions.
If you have questions about using an RV, PMRV, modular building or manufactured home to live in, please contact your local building department first. L&I can only approve the construction of RV’s, PMRV’s and modular buildings, not how they are used or where they can be located.
Adopts Small Home Specialty Code to regulate construction of homes
Not more than 400 square feet in size Effective October 1st, 2019
Written By Janet Thome
Photo: Oregon Cottage Company
”Small House Specialty Code” – Means the specialty code adopted under section 2 of this 2019 act. It means a code of regulations adopted under ORS 446.062, 446.185, 447.020 (2), 455.020 (2),455.496, 455.610, 455.680, 460.085, 460.360, 479.730 (1) or 480.545 or section 2 of this 2019 Act.
Section 2 Of HB243 : Including But Not Limited To Appendix Q
1) As used in this section, “small home” means a single family residence that is not more than 400 square feet in size.(2) Not withstanding ORS 455.020 and 455.030, the 2018 International Residential Code, including but not limited to Appendix Q of that code, is adopted as a Small Home Specialty Code applicable to the construction of a small home.
Requires amendment of Low-Rise Residential Dwelling Code to provide that Small Home Specialty Code supersedes conflicting provisions of Low-Rise Residential Dwelling Code.
Authorizes municipal building official to alter, modify or waive specialty code requirements for small home if strict adherence to Small Home Specialty Code is impractical or infeasible.
Requires that building permits and zoning permits for small home designate small home as single family project.
Requires that certificate of occupancy for small home allow occupancy only for residential use as single family dwelling.
Specifies application of fire sprinkler head and fire sprinkler system design criteria to small homes.
Authorizes municipal building official to allow increased detection and occupant notification in lieu of fire sprinkler head or fire sprinkler system.
Requires that small home be built with listed heat detector unit alarm or listed photoelectric smoke alarm.
Sunsets Small Home Specialty Code and small home fire sprinkler design , heat detector and smoke alarm provisions on January 2, 2026.
Thank you for the call. On and after October 1, the Reach Code path and the R329 ORSC amendments (temporary rule) are no longer applicable or available. As you correctly pointed out, links to the Reach Code have been removed from our website. Starting October 1st HB 2423 will become effective. Thus, the bill creates the “Small Home Specialty Code” that governs the construction of “small homes” which are defined as not more than 400 square feet in size.
The local building department where the home is to be located is the best resource for any specific local requirements to be discussed. I encourage you to reach the local building officials for specific small home projects and policies.
Francisco Ramos-Building Code Specialist-Policy And Technical Services
Oregon Revised Statute (ORS) 197.493: Placement And Occupancy Of Recreational Vehicle
1) A state agency or local government may not prohibit the placement or occupancy of a recreational vehicle, or impose any limit on the length of occupancy of a recreational vehicle, solely on the grounds that the occupancy is in a recreational vehicle, if the recreational vehicle is:
(a) Located in a manufactured dwelling park, mobile home park or recreational vehicle park;
(b) Occupied as a residential dwelling; and
(c) Lawfully connected to water and electrical supply systems and a sewage disposal system.
(2) Subsection (1) of this section does not limit the authority of a state agency or local government to impose other special conditions on the placement or occupancy of a recreational vehicle. [2005 c.619 §12]
Last week, Oregon Governor Kate Brown signed into law a bill that eliminates the Department of Consumer and Business Services from regulating RVs.
Oregon Duplicative Compliance Seal Eliminated
With the enactment of this new law, the need to attach an additional and duplicative Oregon insignia of compliance or seal to RVs is eliminated and Oregon joins the vast majority of states which do not regulate the manufacturing of RVs.
Removes Requirement For PMRV Manufacturers To Use Licensed Plumbers And Electricians
Additionally, the new law removes the requirement for PMRV manufacturers in the state of Oregon to use licensed plumbers and licensed electricians to make installations and repairs. The bill, OR SB 410, takes effect January 1, 2020.
Related: Jurisdictional Gap Between Two Oregon State Agencies
The Oregon DMV, meanwhile, said state law until recently prohibited it from providing titles to park model RVs because they’re not street-legal and aren’t considered a vehicle. The Legislature passed House Bill 2333 to expand the DMV’s responsibilities to include park model RVs, but that law doesn’t take effect until Jan. 1st, 2019.
Oregon Governor Kate Brown signed four housing bills into law Thursday designed to address the state’s housing crisis.
Senate Bill 5512, House Bill 2003, HB 2006 and the controversial HB 2001, now signed into law, each address Oregon’s housing crisis.
“This session, we committed to significant investments that will help every Oregon family have a warm, safe, and dry place to call home,” Brown said in a news release. “No one single solution will address our housing crisis, and this legislation tackles the whole spectrum of issues, from homelessness, to stable rental housing, to increasing home ownership.”